New energy vehicles are growing rapidly
The relevant person in charge of Shanghai Municipal Transportation Commission said that the electric vehicle charging infrastructure (i.e. charging facilities), including charging piles, charging stations, power stations, etc., is a new type of urban infrastructure and the basic guarantee for the promotion and application of electric vehicles. However, at present, the development of new energy vehicle charging technology is not mature. The scale of common charging facilities in Shanghai is small and the distribution is uneven. The construction and operation enterprises of charging facilities are in their own array, and there is no interconnection between facilities.
To this end, the Shanghai Municipal Transportation Commission proposed that Shanghai would put forward differentiated planning and construction requirements for different service areas and service fields, and the ratio of public charging piles to new energy vehicles should not be less than 1:7. In terms of main objectives, Shanghai proposes that by 2020, the scale of charging pile operation services in Shanghai will exceed 210000, basically meeting the charging service demand of 260000 new energy vehicles. Among them, there are no less than 175000 private charging piles for official, rental and private passenger cars to meet the basic charging needs of users; There shall be no less than 28000 public charging piles (no less than 130 public charging stations) to meet the temporary power supply needs of users; There are no less than 7700 special charging piles for public transport, logistics, sanitation and passenger cars, and 68 bus parking lots with charging function have been built to meet the basic charging needs of the industry.
According to the calculation, by 2017, the scale of new energy charging source facilities in Shanghai needs to reach 103000 in order to meet the development objectives of new energy vehicles. This figure is equivalent to about five times the number of existing charging facilities. According to the data of Shanghai Municipal Transportation Commission, by the end of 2015, a total of 21700 charging piles had been built in Shanghai. Behind the surge in charging facilities is the continuous expansion of the development scale of new energy vehicles in Shanghai.
According to the calculation of Shanghai Municipal Transportation Commission, it is expected that by 2017, the development scale of new energy vehicles in Shanghai will reach 131000, including about 121000 new energy passenger vehicles and about 10000 other models such as public transport, logistics and sanitation. By 2020, the development scale of new energy vehicles in the city will reach 263000.
According to the categories of different regions, Shanghai proposed that in principle, the newly-built residential charging berths in residential districts should be built according to 100% of the total parking spaces or the construction and installation conditions of charging facilities should be reserved, and the construction and operation operators of property joint charging facilities should be encouraged to build charging facilities according to the actual demand. The charging facilities of supporting parking lots such as office space shall be constructed in accordance with the proportion of more than 15% in class I areas, more than 12% in class II areas and more than 10% in class III areas. At least 4 DC charging piles shall be arranged in each service area of expressway.
On April 1, seven departments including Shanghai Municipal Development and Reform Commission officially issued the Interim Measures of Shanghai Municipality on encouraging the purchase and use of new energy vehicles (revised in 2016). The Interim Measures stipulate that the maximum promotion subsidy for pure electric passenger vehicles is 30000 yuan, and the maximum promotion subsidy for plug-in hybrid (including add-on program) passenger vehicles meeting the standard is 10000 yuan, Hybrid cars that meet the further requirements of energy conservation and emission reduction such as fuel tank volume can also receive an additional subsidy of 14000 yuan.